Description: Henri-Edmond Cross was born Henri-Edmond-Joseph Delacroix but anglicized his name to avoid confusion with the great French Romantic painter, Eugène Delacroix. After studying under the popular Salon painter Carolus-Duran in the city of Lille, Cross moved to Paris in the mid-1880s. He soon struck up friendships with Georges Seurat and Paul Signac at the newly established Salon des Indépendents, an exhibition venue founded by the young avant-garde painters who followed in the wake of the Impressionists. Cross eventually embraced the Pointillist technique of Seurat and Signac, painting his first canvas in the manner in 1891.
As Cross arrived at middle age, the rheumatism from which he had long suffered became worse. He moved his family to the south of France, hoping that Mediterranean air and the warmer climate would offer some relief. For a time, he remained productive in the South, painting landscapes such as The Little Maure Mountains in the demanding Pointillist technique. It is unclear whether he ascended this peak in 1909, or based this view of a high sweeping range above Saint-Tropez on sketches made years earlier. Cross died the year after this painting was completed.