Kim Ku-lim (1936-) was born in Sangju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do, and in the 1960s, a writer who went to the United States studied woodblock prints and painting at the New York Art Student League School and Tokyo, Japan. He led the avant-garde arts organization and is highly recognized for his work based on philosophical thinking. The artist participated in the Paris Saint-Paulo Biennale and held a new private exhibition at the Seoul Museum of Art and the Tate in London. He is an experimental artist who combines painting, woodblock prints, sculptures, installations, and other genres, and is a pioneer in Korean avant-garde art. Writers view historical and social phenomena critically and experiment with them through various media.
The Meaning of 1/24 Second is an experimental film made a year before the formation of the 4th group. This work, which means 24 cuts per second, is a mixture of black and white and colors, and quickly edits and incorporates modernized cities such as Samil Elevated Road, Sewoon Shopping Street, skyscrapers, pedestrian bridges, outdoor billboards, and textile factories as seen from inside the cars.
However, scenes (yawn, smoking, and so on) of tired daily activities of a city person who wanders around because he cannot adapt to the city he returns to at high speed appear in the middle of the video. This video, which is reproduced by superimposing destruction and brutality, boredom and daily life in such a discontinuous and illogical development process, symbolizes the cross-section of modern people living in modern Korean industrial society at a high speed.


  • Title: The Meaning of 1/24 Second
  • Creator: KIM Kulim
  • Date Created: 1969
  • Location Created: MMCA (National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Korea)
  • Physical Dimensions: 10 minute
  • Rights: MMCA (National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Korea)
  • Medium: Single-channel video, color, silent

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