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The Miracles of Saint Ignatius of Loyola

Peter Paul Rubensc. 1619

Dulwich Picture Gallery

Dulwich Picture Gallery

This is a preparatory modello for an altarpiece in the Jesuit church of Sant'Ambrogio in Genoa. Of Spanish origins, Saint Ignatius was the founder of the Jesuit Order and a very influential religious leader during the Counter Reformation.

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Details

  • Title: The Miracles of Saint Ignatius of Loyola
  • Date: c. 1619
  • Physical Dimensions: w502 x h737 cm
  • Type: Painting
  • Medium: Oil
  • Work Notes: Murray says Perhaps painted c. 1619 for Niccolo Pallavicini, who commissioned the altarpiece for S. Ambrogio, Genoa; Genoa, Palazzo Gentile, 1733; bt by J. Irvine for W. Buchanan, April/May, 1803; London, Noel Desenfans (1804 Insurance List, no. 21, as 'S. Ignatius exorcising'); London, Sir Peter Bourgeois; Bourgeois Bequest, 1811. BUT lot 97 of 1802 sale was also of St Ignatius – might there be an error in the provenance? – No, because the 1802 pic was on canvas and both an earlier and a later provenance: BBF Number A5511Sale Code 1796/03/11LOCHLot Sale Date 1796/03/12Lot Number 0075Verbatim Artist RubensArt. Brief Name RubensArtist Authority RUBENS, PETER PAULTitle St. Ignatius attired in his priestly habit, in the attitude of ecstacy and inspired devotion; Rubens has treated this subject in a grand stile, the colouring truly harmonious, and painted with a spiritedand flowing pencilVerbatim Seller Benjamin Van Der Gucht Esq
  • Work Nationality: Flemish
  • Support: Oak panel
  • Provenance: Perhaps painted c. 1619 for Niccolo Pallavicini, who commissioned the altarpiece for S. Ambrogio, Genoa; Genoa, Palazzo Gentile, 1733; London, Benjamin Van der Gucht, 1796; his sale, London, Christie's, 12 Mar. 1796, lot 75 ('Rubens Ð St. Ignatius attired in his priestly habit, in the attitude of ecstacy and inspired devotion; Rubens has treated this subject in a grand stile, the colouring truly harmonious, and painted with a spiritedand flowing pencil'). Bt 'Sr F B' (Bourgeois) for £39.18; London, Noel Desenfans and/or Sir Francis Bourgeois, 1796-1807: 1804 Insurance List, no. 21 (as 'S. Ignatius exorcising'); London, Sir Francis Bourgeois, 1807-1811; Bourgeois Bequest, 1811.
  • Further Information: Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) was the founder of the Jesuit Order and canonised in 1622, a few years after this painting was completed. DFG148 represents Loyola's miracles--he cured a possessed woman, whose withered arm was healed when she washed the Saint's linen. The painting seems to be an autograph 'modello' for Rubens's altarpiece of the Miracles of Saint Ignatius, painted for the chapel of St Ignatius in the Jesuit church of Sant'Ambrogio, Genoa, c.1619. The attribution to Rubens is supported by the presence of underlying figures (upside down in relation to the present composition) that are revealed in the X-ray, indicative of the creative process Rubens put into his compositions.
  • Artist: Sir Peter Paul Rubens
  • Acquisition Method: Bourgeois, Sir Peter Francis (Bequest, 1811)

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