The Monarchy of Egypt at Thebes

Isaac Newton1710/1720

The National Library of Israel

The National Library of Israel
Jerusalem, Israel

The first page of a chapter on the Egyptian monarchy at Thebes, this manuscript is a draft of material related to Newton's Chronolgy. This folio includes references to various rules of Egypt, as we as the Asiatic Hyksos (here referred to as "the sheperds"), whose period of domination in Egypt lasted from the thirteenth to the seventeenth dynasties (eighteenth to sixteenth centuries B.C.E). Several references are made in text to historians consulted by Newton, including Manetho, Sextus Julianus Africanus, Eusebius and the Hellenistic Jew Josephus Flavius, whose treatise Contra Apion is cited in the right hand-margin. A table at the bottom of the folio compares the variant renderings of the Egyptian ruler's names in Josephus, Africanus and the Greek and Latin versions of Eusebius.


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