Edward Hicks was a prominent Pennsylvania member of the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers, who believe in a direct, personal relationship with God. The Quaker values of equality, peace, and simplicity provided a striking contrast to the inequality, conflict, and excess that characterized the decades before and after the Civil War.

Hicks painted more than sixty versions of "The Peaceable Kingdom," a prophecy of the establishment of God's kingdom on earth, inspired by the biblical text Isaiah 11:6-9: "The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them." Hicks's depiction of the Quaker leader William Penn's 1682 purchase treaty with the Delaware/Lenape Indians, which ensured the future of the Pennsylvania colony, served as a historical model of a peaceable kingdom on earth.


  • Title: The Peaceable Kingdom
  • Creator: Edward Hicks
  • Creator Lifespan: 1780 - 1849
  • Creator Nationality: American
  • Creator Gender: male
  • Creator Death Place: Newtown, PA
  • Creator Birth Place: Attleborough (now Longhorne), PA
  • Date Created: ca. 1846
  • Location: United States
  • Physical Dimensions: 25 x 28 1/2 in. (63.5 x 72.4 cm)
  • Type: Painting
  • painter: Edward Hicks
  • credit line source: Museum
  • Credit Line: Gift of Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd

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