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Signac was greatly shocked by the death of Seurat who had joined him in defending and extolling the spread of Neo-impressionism. Thanks to the efforts of his friend the painter H. E. Cross, Signac left the year after the death of Seurat (1892) on a yacht voyage around the Mediterranean. He discovered the still as yet small fishing harbor of Saint-Tropez during this trip and for the next ten years he traveled between Saint-Tropez and Paris in the creation of his paintings. A series of developments in the artistic directions of Signac's work can be seen over this period. First we see the softening of the linear rigor of his compositions, followed by an increase in size of the distinctive dots of pigment that characterize the Neo-impressionist style. In this later change, he strengthened the characteristics of the individual touches and the contrast between them, surpassing the optical mixture that had been the Pointillists' first objective. This work depicting the port of Saint-Tropez in its entirety is one of his most monumental works of this period, providing an extreme expression of these formal changes. Signaling Signac's emergence from the Neo-impressionists and revealing intimations of the birth of Fauvism, this work represents Signac's achievements at the turn of the century. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 90)

Details

  • Title: The Port of Saint-Tropez
  • Date Created: 1901 - 1902
  • Location Created: France
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings: Signed lower right: P. Signac
  • Provenance: Karl-Ernst Osthaus, Hagen; Museum Folkwang, Essen; Marlborough Fine Art, London
  • Physical Dimensions: w1615 x h1310 mm
  • Painter: Paul Signac
  • Object title (Japanese): サン=トロぺの港
  • Object notes (Japanese): シニャックは彼とともに新印象主義の護持とその理論の普及を行なったスーラの死によって大きな衝撃を受け、その翌年の1892年、友人の画家クロスの勧めによってヨットによる地中海巡航の旅に出た。彼はこの旅行中、まだ小さな漁港であったサン=トロペを発見し、以後10年ほどは、こことパリを往復しつつ制作を行なうこととなる。この期間中、シニャックの芸術傾向は次第に著しい変化を見せる。まず構図の線的な厳格さが和らぎ、色彩の面では新印象主義絵画に特有の描点の粒が大きくなる。後者の変化は、点描派の当初の目的であった視覚混合よりも、個々の色彩の特性とそれらの対比を強調することになる。サン=トロペ港の全景を描いた本作品は、この時期の彼の絵画では最もモニュメンタルなものであり、またこうした様式の変化を端的に示すことによって、新印象主義からの脱却とフォーヴィスム誕生の準備という、世紀の変わり目におけるシニャックの業績を代表する作品となっている。(出典: 国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2006. cat. no. 90 )
  • Artist Name (Japanese): シニャック、ポール
  • Type: Paintings
  • Rights: http://www.nmwa.go.jp/en/information/privacy.html
  • External Link: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
  • Medium: Oil on canvas

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