The Seven Churches of Asia Minor

Unknownabout 1255–1260

The J. Paul Getty Museum

The J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, United States

I heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, saying: What you see, write in a book, and send to the seven churches which are in Asia, to Ephesus, and to Smyrna, and to Pergamus, and to Thyatira, and to Sardis, and to Philadelphia, and to Laodicea. (Apocalypse 1:10-11)

Saint John stands at the far right looking at the churches within the framed miniature. The illuminator used the device of placing John either outside of the miniature's frame or within the miniature itself to suggest that the scenes are visions. In this miniature, a row of fanciful buildings with an angel perched on top of each one represents the seven churches.

As on other pages of the manuscript, copper-green pigment from the miniature on the reverse of the page has bled through to this page.


  • Title: The Seven Churches of Asia Minor
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date Created: about 1255–1260
  • Location Created: London (probably), England
  • Physical Dimensions: Leaf: 31.9 × 22.5 cm (12 9/16 × 8 7/8 in.)
  • Type: Folio
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Tempera colors, gold leaf, colored washes, pen and ink on parchment
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 83.MC.72.2v
  • Culture: English
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. Ludwig III 1, fol. 2v
  • Creator Display Name: Unknown
  • Classification: Manuscripts (Documents)

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