Thinking to approach Jesus in a weakened state after his fast of forty days and forty nights, the devil tempts him in three different ways, each depicted in this miniature. In the foreground, the devil suggests that Jesus change some rocks into bread so that he can eat after forty days without food. Then, in the right background, the devil sits Christ on the pinnacle of the temple of the holy city, saying that if he is truly the son of God, he can prove it by casting himself down, since he should be protected from the fall by angels. Finally, in the middle ground to the left, the devil takes Christ to a high mountain from which all the kingdoms of the world can be seen and offers him these lands if Christ agrees to adore him. Jesus coolly refuses all of these temptations and commands the devil to leave.


  • Title: The Temptation of Christ
  • Creator: Simon Bening
  • Date Created: about 1525–1530
  • Location Created: Bruges, Belgium
  • Physical Dimensions: Leaf: 16.8 × 11.4 cm (6 5/8 × 4 1/2 in.)
  • Type: Folio
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Tempera colors, gold paint, and gold leaf on parchment
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 83.ML.115.62v
  • Culture: Flemish
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. Ludwig IX 19, fol. 62v
  • Creator Display Name: Simon Bening (Flemish, about 1483 - 1561)
  • Classification: Manuscripts (Documents)

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