wall label: The historic town of Nijmegen, with its medieval fortifications, was a popular subject with Dutch artists. The citadel known as the Valkhof had a strong patriotic appeal as the stronghold of Claudius Civilis, the ancient hero who led the Batavians in revolt against the Romans. This 1st-century uprising invited comparison with the successful Dutch rebellion against Spain.
Cuyp based this radiant landscape on sketches he made during a visit to the site in 1652. The effect of golden light, more typical of Italy than Holland, is a hallmark of his style.