Three friends of Winter (Pine, Bamboo and Plum)

Nukina KaiokuDated 1857

Sakai City Museum
Sakai-shi, Osaka, Japan

Painted in November when Kaioku was 80 years of age. Inscribed as “Three friends of winter” in a thin clerical script. Pine and bamboo, which don’t lose its green color even in winter, and plum, which blossoms in the cold, have strength to bear the harsh winter climate; all of which altering the meaning into the friends to get along with in the time of adversity.
Pale blue-green color on the slender pine tree and the thin and flexible bamboo trees shine smoothly on silk satin cloth. It feels like there is a subtle scent from the white plum blossoms with a sprinkle of buds.


  • Title: Three friends of Winter (Pine, Bamboo and Plum)
  • Creator: Nukina Kaioku
  • Date Created: Dated 1857
  • Original Source: Sakai City Museum
  • Medium: Hanging scroll / Light color on shiny silk

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