Human Figure The sculpture of Chung Hyun starts with his interest in the configuration of a human. From ancient times, the human body has been an important subject matter and particularly in classical art the configuration of the human figure implied ideal beauty and was recognizably a 'tabloid edition of the universe.' However, the human body expressed by Chung Hyun is starkly different from such tradition. The form in his work is rugged, the methods employed intense and sometimes even violent. This 'untamed intensity' is an important factor which adds to the reality not only of the materials but also to the existence of mankind. His first piece was created between 1985 and the early 1990s when he was studying in France. He is expressing the dynamic human body with several compressed lines that do not display volume, such as bone structures and muscles, and by distorting the actual figures. The tension in this piece is accentuated by the use of manila hemp in plaster, tautly stretched over the surface.


  • Title: Untitled
  • Creator: Chung, Hyun
  • Date Created: 1995
  • Physical Dimensions: w400 x h675 x d520 cm
  • Type: Sculpture
  • Medium: Bronze
  • Critic's Note: The Esthetics of Restitution and Deviation -Chung Hyun’s Works- Chung Hyun has been working so vigorously since he came back from Paris, and this can be seen from his brief solo exhibitions held during last six years- he was able to held three exhibitions in main museums in Korea. After coming back from Paris, he started working with plasters. By hitting the earth chunks with wooden sticks and shovels, he gave volume and sharp edges to it. This led his works to have the close relations to the concept of traditional sculptures since the artist created human figures in voluminous shapes. Post-Paris works are voluminous so they can be compared to the skeleton figures that he had worked on in his Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts. In Paris, he added volume to this linear works- and this is said to be that his works has been in the cycle of restitution and deviation. The line is replaced by the volume, and in turn, the idea of volume is overtaken by line. The two ideas co-exist in his work of railroad ties show, which was held in National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea in 2006. The groups of figures were displayed in a long passage, connecting different exhibition halls and in the museum. Chung Hyun’s railroad tie figures remind us of the historic relics- the clay soldiers of Chinese Emperor Qin Shi Huang. Chung’s figures convey the energy of the earth, which is discussed as monuments of representing the fierce confrontation and reconciliation between human beings and industrial society. He has been interested in the railroad tie for a long time. In fact, he placed the railroad and observed for over ten years, and then started working with it, which can be said as discovery becomes creation. Chung believed the tie not as a mere material, but as a being which has a history through the days of endurance. Often, he uses abandoned or disused materials like railroad tie, asphalt and concrete, the industrial wastes. However, Chung finds the strong energy from them and finds out the history they have. The wastes have lost their function but still have their layers of time and history. The selections are materials often unusual, and this is one of the reasons that the discovery of medium has such a huge meaning to him. ‘The life itself, the untouched and raw, and the unexpected image’ are the cardinal principles controlling Chung’s entire world of art. His works contain the language of deviation. Chung’s exhibition held in Kim Chong Young’s Museum of Art was focused on his works made with the masses of asphalt concrete (ascon). This is the material lying on the street while the tie is under the railroad. It also has the invisible weight of time and energy inside. Again, Chung’s choice of ascon was revolutionary since it is very rare material to use. Chung Hyun also believes drawing is important part of sculpture. For him, the sculpture and drawing are deeply related. He puts the lines and strokes running on the panel in front of the forms. The lines are finished before the action of drawing is given to the panel. This suggests the connection with his sculpture where the materials expose their own presences before the forms. Not only the notion of repetitive rotation of the linear and the voluminous, but also the idea of rotation of the horizontal and the vertical can be found in Chung Hyun’s recent works.
  • Collection: Steel Company
  • Artist's Education: Hongik University. Seoul, Korea. B.F.A. & M.F.A., Sculpture.Diplome de I`Ecole Nationale Superieure de Beaux-Arts de Paris, France

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