In 1919, artist Nandalal Bose became the first director of Kala Bhavana, Rabindranath Tagore's art school at Santiniketan. He was instrumental in shaping the school's curriculum, encouraging students to express themselves freely, work closely with teachers and seek inspiration from their environment.
As an artist, Nandalal experimented extensively with mural painting, often working in collaboration with his students. His most ambitious project was at Kirti Mahal, Baroda, where his murals depicting religious and mythological scenes sprawled over 500 metres of wall space. Bose and his team from Kala Bhavan illustrated the Constitution of India.