unknown1000-1100 C.E

Indian Museum, Kolkata

Indian Museum, Kolkata
Kolkata, India

Ushnishavijaya, one of the twelve dharini goddesses of the
Buddhist pantheon is seated in vajraparyanka attitude on a
lotus over a high pedestal. The three-faced, eight-armed
goddess most probably held a vajra near the breast with one
of her right hands, now broken. The other three right hands
display the varada mudra, hold an arrow and a stalk of lotus
supporting a figure of Dhyani Buddha Amitabha. In the four
left hands she displays a kumbha on palm, the abhaya mudra, a
pasa with raised tarjani and a chapa (dhanus or bow). The stele
bears Dhyani Buddha Akshobhya above the head of the
goddess and three miniature stupas probably intended to
indicate her position within chaityagarbhas as described in
the Sadhanamala. The only discrepancy is in the presence of
Akshobhya instead of Vairochana. The lotus on which she
is seated is shown as emerging from the ocean - visva-padma


  • Title: Ushnishavijaya
  • Creator: unknown
  • Date: 1000-1100 C.E
  • Location: Indian Museum, Kolkata
  • Physical Dimensions: Basalt, 66x33x14cm
  • Provenance: Bihar, India

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