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Utagawa Toyoharu (attributed to), Courtesans of the Tamaya House, a screen painting

1781/1785

British Museum

British Museum

This rare six-fold screen can be firmly attributed to Utagawa Toyoharu (1735-1814) and is one of the most important surviving Ukiyo-e paintings of its period. A group of high-ranking courtesans are seated on the red carpet in the centre, surrounded by their apprentices (shinzo) arranged in pairs with matching kimonos around the walls.

The women are in the harimise, the latticed display room of a brothel in the Yoshiwara pleasure quarter, where they would sit waiting for clients. It appears to be the quiet middle period of the day, and the courtesans are amusing themselves in various ways - smoking, playing the shamisen, dressing a doll. One of the teenage apprentices has dozed off.

Among the lacquered accessories depicted in the front, to the right of the smoking set, is a small box decorated with the emblem of a flying crane. According to Keisei Kei, a printed guide to courtesans published by Santo Kyoden in 1788, this was a crest used by Komurasaki, a high-ranking courtesan in the house run by Tamaya Sansaburo. The name of the house appears, albeit playfully half-hidden, on the entrance curtain towards the centre back.

The painting can be dated on the basis of its style and the fashions portrayed to the late 1770s or early 1780s.

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Details

  • Title: Utagawa Toyoharu (attributed to), Courtesans of the Tamaya House, a screen painting
  • Date Created: 1781/1785
  • Physical Dimensions: Height: 144.10cm; Width: 314.60cm; Height: 172.30cm (with mount); Width: 317.80cm (with mount)
  • External Link: British Museum collection online
  • Technique: painted
  • Subject: courtesan/prostitute; pleasure quarters
  • Registration number: 1982,0701,0.2
  • Production place: Painted in Japan
  • Producer: Attributed to Toyoharu, Utagawa
  • Period/culture: Tenmei Era
  • Material: paper
  • Copyright: Photo: © Trustees of the British Museum
  • Acquisition: Donated by Harari, Michael. Donated by Harari, Michael. Previous owner/ex-collection Harari, Ralph Andrew

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