This painting was formerly attributed to Bartholomeus Breenbergh, a contemporary of Poelenburch who may indeed have been responsible for the foreground figures. However, such figures are not entirely without precedent in Poelenburch's work. More difficult is trying to arrive at a reason for the elaborate costumes of the two figures on the left, in a scene which might otherwise be assumed to be a simple genre painting with shepherds. Their presence suggests there may be a specific narrative intended.
A date of around 1627 has been suggested for this work, making this one of the earliest Italianate landscapes in the Gallery.