Votive stupa

unknown1000-1100 C.E

Indian Museum, Kolkata

Indian Museum, Kolkata
Kolkata, India

The 11 century stupa made of black basalt belongs to the
second category of the stupa architecture. Facing each
cardinal direction a Buddha is shown seated in a pavillion
thus symbolizing his omnipresence and the spread of his
dharma in four directions. The drum is carved with
mouldings topped by lotus petal design. The dome is bare
of any ornamentation. The harmika has a groove for
insertion of the chhatravali. The four niches containing
Buddha figures are in the shape of a temple between bold
mouldings. The Buddha figures are seated in dhyana,
vyakhyana and abhaya mudras.This concept is more popular
among the Jains who worship it as a Jina's samovasarana or
the sarvatobhadrika.


  • Title: Votive stupa
  • Creator: unknown
  • Date: 1000-1100 C.E
  • Location: Indian Museum, Kolkata
  • Physical Dimensions: Basalt, 58x34x36cm
  • Provenance: Bodhgaya, Bihar

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