Native tanned elkhide, one piece upper w/attached tongue & over the ankle cuff. Rawhide sole. Sewn w/ sinew. Has thong tie above vamp & 4 holes for ties up cuff. Thongs present in diagonal line on exterior cuff but appear to be decorative. Beaded using lazy stitch. Vamp design: bar - lt blue w/ 2 red triangles each connected to dk blue inverted "V", flanked by two small bars w/bands of the same colors.