The woolly rhinoceros, more than 2 meters tall, was provided with a thick fur, made up of two types of hair arranged in two layers: some thin, short and dense while others long and hard. Like current rhinos, it had two horns made of keratin, the same substance found in hair and nails, and the front one could measure up to one meter. It was inhabiting the steppes of Europe and Asia, where it was feeding on small herbaceous plants, mosses and lichens. Widespread during the late Pleistocene, it became extinct at the end of the last glaciation, as most of the typical large Ice Age mammals.


  • Title: Woolly rhinoceros skull (cast)
  • Rights: Fondazione Musei Civici di Venezia Photo by Dennis Cecchin
  • Scientific name: Coelodonta antiquitatis
  • Origin: Russia, Yakutia, Mt. Rodinska
  • Dating: Pleistocene
  • Catalogue number: MSNVE-20262

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