The puttis in this painting by Rubens are picking apples in honour of Venus, the goddess of love. Venus, who is present in the painting in the form of a statue receives a basket full from two of them. The entire painting is really one great celebration of the power of love.
Worship of Venus is a pendant to The Andrians. The paintings are copies of Titian. The themes of the paintings come from the Greek thinker Philostratos's writings on rhetoric from the 3rd century. Exactly when and where Rubens produced his copies of The Andrians and the Worship of Venus we do not know. But they were in his studio at the time of his death in 1640. They were sold to Philip VI of Spain at that time who also owned Titian's originals. During the Napoleonic invasion of Spain Rubens's paintings were taken as booty and fell to the lot of Marshall Bernadotte who brought them with him to Sweden when he assumed the throne. They were inherited by Karl XV who donated them to the Nationalmuseum in 1865.