Addis Ababa, also known as Finfinne and Sheger, is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa is a chartered city, and is the capital of Oromia. Addis Ababa is the largest city in Ethiopia, with, according to the 2007 census, a population of 2,739,551 inhabitants.
It is where the African Union is headquartered and where its predecessor, the Organisation of African Unity, was based. It also hosts the headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, as well as various other continental and international organisations. Addis Ababa is therefore often referred to as "the political capital of Africa" for its historical, diplomatic and political significance for the continent.
The city lies a few miles west of the East African Rift which splits Ethiopia into two, between the Nubian Plate and the Somali Plate. The city is surrounded by the Special Zone of Oromia and populated by people from different regions of Ethiopia. It is home to Addis Ababa University.