The Emfuleni Local Municipality, founded in 1999, is one of three local municipalities comprising the Sedibeng District in Gauteng, South Africa. It is the westernmost local municipality in the District, and covers an area of 987 km² at the heart of the Vaal Triangle. It is located in the former industrial heartland of Gauteng which created employment and wealth for Sebokeng, Vanderbijlpark, Vereeniging and Sharpeville. Its head offices are located in Frikkie Havenga Blvd, Vanderbijlpark.
Emfuleni is experiencing a financial crisis since 2018, and as of 2020 it is considered a "broken" municipality which has lost the ability to rectify or recover from its many failed enterprises. It has been plagued by service delivery protests, and in 2020 its residents started a #EmfuleniMustFall campaign on social media due to its inconsistent or completely lacking waste removal, collapse of the electricity distribution network, ineffective provision of water and sanitation and its failure to maintain its roads infrastructure. Jacob Khawe replaced Simon Mofokeng as mayor in 2018 and acknowledged wasteful practices.