Nicolas Perignon or Pérignon, also known as Alexis-Nicolas Perignon, the Elder, was a French painter, draughtsman, and engraver. He specialized in portraits, rustic scenes, landscapes, and seascapes.
Perignon was born in Nancy and died in Paris. He travelled to Italy and Switzerland, creating numerous drawings, which he later reproduced as engravings. Perignon was made a member of the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture in 1774 and exhibited mostly gouaches of country scenes at the Paris Salons of 1775, 1779, and 1781. According to Benezit, "his work is sought after."