Lampung is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the southern tip of the island of Sumatra. It has a short border with the province of Bengkulu to the northwest, and a longer border with the province of South Sumatra to the north. It is the original home of the Lampung people, who speak their own language, and possess their own written script. Its capital is Bandar Lampung.
The province covers a land area of 35,376 sq.km and had a population of 7,608,405 at the 2010 Census, 8,109,601 at the 2015 Census and 9,007,848 at the 2020 Census, with three-quarters of that being descendants of Javanese, Madurese, and Balinese migrants. These migrants came from more densely populated islands, in search of available land, as well as being part of the national government's Indonesian transmigration program, of which Lampung was one of the earliest and most significant transmigration destinations.
On 10 May 2005, a 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck the province.