Muslin, also mousseline, is a cotton fabric of plain weave. It is made in a wide range of weights from delicate sheers to coarse sheeting. They were imported into Europe from Bengal in the 17th century and were later manufactured in Scotland and England. It gets its name from the city of Mosul, Iraq, where it may have been first manufactured. Early muslin was handwoven of uncommonly delicate handspun yarn, especially in the region around Dhaka, Bengal, where it may have originated. It was imported into Europe for much of the 17th and early 18th centuries.
Fine linen muslin was formerly known as sindon.
In 2013, the traditional art of weaving Jamdani muslin in Bangladesh was included in the list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.