Orval Eugene Faubus was an American politician who served as 36th Governor of Arkansas from 1955 to 1967. A Democrat, he is infamous for his 1957 stand on segregation of the Little Rock School District during the Little Rock Crisis, in which, by ordering the Arkansas National Guard to prevent black students from attending Little Rock Central High School, he defied a unanimous decision of the U.S. Supreme Court made in the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education.
On Sept 2, 1957 Faubus ordered the National Guardsmen to surround the school. Faubus explained that he had called the National Guardsmen because he had heard that white supremacists from all over the state were descending on Little Rock. He declared "blood would run in the streets," however, the deception was his own Democratic propaganda. The Little Rock Nine, as they were known, were students who took a very big risk for enrolling in the all white high school. As a result of Faubus, there was undue stress regarding their integration. The people spat on the African American kids and accused them of atheism, communism and genocide.