Biłgoraj is a town in south-eastern Poland with about 27,100 inhabitants. Since 1999 it has been situated in Lublin Voivodeship; it was previously in Zamość Voivodeship. It is located south of Lublin and it is also the capital of Biłgoraj County. Historically, the town belongs to Lesser Poland, and is located in southeastern corner of the province, near the border with another historic land, Red Ruthenia. Biłgoraj is surrounded by forest, with three rivers flowing through it.