Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

Jan 15, 1902 - Feb 23, 1969

Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud was a Saudi Arabian politician who ruled as King of Saudi Arabia from 9 November 1953 to 2 November 1964.
Saud was the second son of King Abdulaziz and Wadha bint Muhammad Al Orair. He served as a commander in Abdulaziz's conquests that led to the founding of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932, and he represented his father in neighbouring countries. He was made heir to the Saudi throne in 1933. He played a role in the financial reforms of Saudi Arabia, preparing the first state budget in 1948 and establishing the Saudi Central Bank in 1952. Saud also oversaw the country's infrastructural development.
Upon his father's death in 1953, Saud ascended to the throne and reorganized the government. He established the convention that the king of Saudi Arabia presides over the Council of Ministers. Saud sought to maintain friendly relations with the United States, whilst also supporting other Arab countries in their conflicts against Israel. Under his reign, Saudi Arabia joined the Non-Aligned Movement in 1961.
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