Die Wende is a German term that has come to signify the complete process of change from the rule of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany and a centrally planned economy to the revival of parliamentary democracy and market economy in the German Democratic Republic around 1989 and 1990. It encompasses several processes and events which later have become synonymous with the overall process. These processes and events are:
the Peaceful Revolution during the presidency of President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev, a time of massive protest and demonstrations against the political system of the GDR and for civil and human rights in late 1989.
the fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989 following a press conference held by the Politbüro during which Günter Schabowski announced the opening of the border checkpoints.
the transition to democracy in East Germany following the Peaceful Revolution, leading to the only really democratic elections to the Volkskammer in the GDR on 18 March 1990.