Enugu is the capital of Enugu State in Nigeria. It is located in southeastern Nigeria. The city had a population of 722,664 according to the 2006 Nigerian census. The name Enugu is derived from the two Igbo words Énú Ụ́gwụ́ meaning "hill top" denoting the city's hilly geography. The city was named after Enugwu Ngwuo, under which coal was found.
Enugwu Ngwuo is one of the ten villages that made up the Ngwuo clan, often referred to as the children of Ngwuako, the ancestral founder of the clan. Ngwuako positioned Udeneogu, his warrior son of on top of the hill to protect the clan from invaders. Enugwu Ama Udeneogu,
The people lived on the hilltop and farmed the sprawling surrounding valleys.
Ngwuo has borders with Oshie clan in the south, Ojebeogene clan in the north and Nkanu clan in the east.