Sayed Haider "S. H." Raza was an Indian painter who lived and worked in France since 1950, while maintaining strong ties with India.
He was a renowned Indian artist. His works are mainly abstracts in oil or acrylic, with a very rich use of color, replete with icons from Indian cosmology as well as its philosophy. He was awarded the Padma Shri and Fellowship of the Lalit Kala Akademi in 1981, Padma Bhushan in 2007, and Padma Vibhushan in 2013. He was conferred with the highest French civilian honour, the Commandeur de la Legion d'honneur on July 14, 2015.
He became one of India's priciest modern artist on 10 June 2010 when a seminal work, Saurashtra by the 88-year-old was sold for ₹16.42 crore at a Christie's auction.
In 1959 he married the French artist Janine Mongillat, who died in 2002 of cancer, in 2010 he decided to return to India.