Mattheus Terwesten or Matthäus Terwesten was a Dutch painter and art educator. He is known for his portraits as well as of mythological and allegorical subjects. He was a decorative painter he painted chimney pieces, overdoors, wall hangings and ceilings for the luxurious buildings of his time. He was director of The Hague Drawing Academy. He became court painter to Frederick William I of Prussia and professor at the Prussian Academy of Arts.