Marseille is the prefecture of the department of Bouches-du-Rhône and region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur in France. It is located on the Mediterranean coast near the mouth of the Rhône. The city covers an area of 241 km² and had a population of 870,018 in 2016. Its metropolitan area, which extends over 3,173 km² is the third-largest in France after those of Paris and Lyon, with a population of 1,831,500 as of 2010.
It was known to the ancient Greeks as Massalia and Romans as Massilia. Marseille is now France's largest city on the Mediterranean coast and the largest port for commerce, freight and cruise ships. The city was European Capital of Culture in 2013 and European Capital of Sport in 2017; it hosted matches at the 1998 World Cup and Euro 2016. It is home to Aix-Marseille University.