Finely powdered colouring matter that is suspended in a binding medium to form paint; for pastel, the pigment is moulded into sticks with the aid of a binding medium. In most forms of painting the binding medium, which may be oil, egg yolk, water or a variety of other substances, holds the pigment particles together and attaches them to a surface. In fresco painting, however, the pigments are mixed with water for application, but when dry they form an integral part of the surface of the plaster.
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© Grove Art / OUP

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