The Teatro Bibiena di Mantova was made by Antonio Galli da Bibbiena in 1767-1769 and decorated in 1773-1775 with a facade of Piermarini designed by Paolo Pozzo.
Constructed for the Royal Virgilian Academy of Science and Arts, the theatre in Mantua was designed in late Baroque or early Rococo style by Antonio Galli Bibiena and erected between 1767 and 1769. With a bell-shaped floorplan and four rows of boxes, it followed the new style of theatres then in vogue. It was intended to host both theatre productions and concerts, and scientific discourses and conventions. Bibiena also provided the monochrome frescoes in the interior. The theatre is now considered to be his most important work.
It was opened officially on 3 December 1769. A few weeks later, on 16 January 1770, thirteen-year-old Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart played a concert here, with resounding success. His father, Leopold Mozart, wrote about the theatre: "In all my life, I have never seen anything more beautiful of its kind".
In 1773, Giuseppe Piermarini, who constructed the neighbouring palazzo for the Accademia Nazionale Virgiliana, designed and built the façade of the theatre.