Magical journey through the temples
Important characteristic of the topography of Akragas is the location along the walls of the main holy buildings and shrines.
It was assumed that the entire area constituted one big sacred area, which had celebrated their tesmoforici cults, celebrated by women to propitiate fertility
This great work has been identified between the sanctuary of the Chthonic Gods and the temple of Vulcan, in which flow eighteen underground culverts
The ancient historian Diodoro Siculo tells that on the pediments were sculpted Gigantomachia (struggle between the gods and the Giants) on one hand, and the conquest of Troy on the other
Built in local limestone, it is a Doric temple, entirely surrounded by columns, six on the fronts and 15 on each of the sidess
In the Christian era (VI century. A.D.),the temple was transformed into a Christian church, through the opening of the arches in the walls of the cell and the closing of the spaces between the columns
Around the entrance of this underground is visible a large sector of the necropolis sub divo, that is in the open
The Archaeological Park of Agrigento has recently introduced some goats of a native species at the risk of extinction : the girgentana goat, with its typical twisted horns
The Temple of Juno has 6 columns per 13; the cell is preceded by a vestibule and followed by a posterior part, both with two columns on the front.
In front of the facade of the temple there is the monumental altar, with a staircase of 10 steps that had to lead to the shelf where they carried out the sacrifices.
On the southern side of the hillock, there is a meeting building, characterized by a cavea similar to a theatre, dug into the rock. The building, interpreted as ekklesiasterion (meeting place for citizens’ assembly), seems to have been built in the IV-III century BC
In the first century BC, it was built the oratory of Phalaris, a small Roman temple on the podium, preceded by stairs, with a cell and a pronao.
Many rooms have mosaic floors, which may be black and white or polychrome; some spaces also conserve part of the walls decoration, painted on a thick layer of plaster.
In the actual appearance, the quarter has been developed since the first century BC, with following extensions or subdivisions in individual homes, restorations, remaking of decorative elements, up to the fourth century A.D.