Each ethnic group has its own designs and colour combination. Different motifs and designs of textiles have relationship with the rituals and religious life of the people of North-Eastern India.
Pani Gamcha (Cotton Towel Cloth)
It is a piece of black cotton cloth having white stripes on it. It has woven designed borders. The designs are made with red, orange and white cotton thread. Two pieces of cloth are stitched together to get the required length of the cloth. It is used by the Meiti women.
It is a headdress, made of white coloured cotton cloth. The headdress is decorated with two pieces of long, white coloured cotton cloth, provided with red coloured ornamental designs, in the front of the headdress. At the front of the headdress a floral motif is present, which is decorated with red and green coloured beads. At the back of the headdress jori ribbons are present. Two knitted yellow coloured pieces are hanging from the headdress for extra decoration. It is used by the Meiti ethnic group.
Phali / Bhunue Champa Ranga (Open Cotton Drape)
It is a red cotton cloth having white narrow borders and beautifully woven designs on the two ends. Plaited stripes, floral designs as well as human and animal motif are woven with yellow, black and white cotton thread on the ends. Fringes of cotton thread having yellow and black cotton balls, alternately hung from the ends. It is used by the Bodo and Cachari ethnic group.
Phali/ Bhunue Champa Ranga (Open Drape)
It is a dark navy blue cotton cloth with red borders. Two ends of the cloth are decorated with woven designs, made by red, yellow and white cotton thread. The designs are made in rows. Floral and animal motifs as well as human figures are woven. Fringes of cotton thread are present at two ends.
It is a long piece of cotton cloth having narrow width. The cloth has yellow stripes on red base on one half of it. The remaining part has red stripes on yellow base and plain red border. Woven designs, made by green and yellow cotton thread are present at the ends. Geometric designs are present. Fringes of cotton are present at the ends.
It is a piece of almost rectangular black cotton cloth, decorated with cowrie shells. Twenty vertically placed thickly stitched rows of cowrie shells are present at two places i.e., at the middle and at one end. Three horizontal rows of cowrie shells and again fifteen vertical lines of cowrie shells are stitched on the cloth. A piece of bamboo is inserted at one end of the cloth. It is used by the Naga men.
It is a narrow piece of black cotton cloth. One end of the cloth is woven with red coloured thread and decorated with cowrie shells. The other end is stitched to form a small pocket. The cowrie shells are stitched in a circle and six long and two short rows of shells flanked from the circle. It is used by the Sema Naga.
It is a black coloured shawl, which is made of cotton. The shawl is decorated with blue coloured lineal embroidery designs and red squares. Each end of the shawl has red, yellow and black coloured thin border and has a number of cotton tassels or fringes. It is used by the Sema Naga ethnic group.
Thotsepfhe (White Shawl)
It is a cotton shawl, white in colour. The shawl has black embroidered designs at one of its end. The embroidered wavy designs present on the body of shawl and these are kept within a squarish box. Four pieces of cloth are stitched together to get the required length of the Shawl. It is used by the Angami Naga ethnic group.
It is a black coloured skirt. A blue coloured band is present at the middle. The skirt is decorated with multi coloured designed lines at regular interval. The skirt has green and red coloured lines at the borders. The two ends of the skirt have cotton fringes. It is used by the Lotha Naga ethnic group.
This is a white coloured cotton shawl. The shawl is decorated with red coloured lineal designs and red, black and white coloured tassels. Both sides of the shawl have multi coloured borders. Both ends of the shawl have a number of white and black coloured tassels. It is used by the Maram Naga ethnic group.
This is a white cotton cloth having brown coloured borders. Four narrow pieces of cloth are stitched to form the cloth. Embroidered bird motifs are woven at regular interval on the joining stitches of the cloth. Embroidery was done with blue and brown thread. It is used by the Kabui Naga ethnic group.
This is a cotton cloth, with broad red borders. The body of the cloth is blue with red stripes on it. A white stripe is present on each red stripe. A green and a yellow stripes are present between the body of the cloth and red borders. Four pieces of cloth are stitched to get the required length. An extra piece of red border is stitched with the main cloth at one border. It is used by the Zeliang Naga ethnic group.
Dakmanta (Cloth Used for Skirt)
This is a green cotton cloth having broad designed borders. Three rows of geometric designs are woven with white thread are present on the borders. Floral designs, made by multi coloured thread, are present allover the body at regular interval. Two ends have three rows of woven designs. It is used by the Garo female.
Sponsoring Institution: Indian Museum, Kolkata
Chief Co-Ordinator: Dr. Jayanta Sengupta
Exhibition prepared by:
Dr. Mita Chakrabarty
Photographs by: Museum Photography Unit