England is home to many iconic historic sporting venues. The influence of sport in England has spread far and wide, affecting millions of sports fans at home and abroad. This exhibit showcases the photographs of the Historic England Archive that illustrate some of our sporting heritage's great places.
The Oval has been home to Surrey County Cricket Club since 1845 and is one of the country's most historically important sporting venues.
It was the venue for the first Test Match (the longest form of the game) in England, when in September 1880 England defeated Australia by five wickets, and is where the Ashes were created in 1882.
The Oval is also a significant venue in the history of football. In 1870 it hosted the first ever international football match in England, when England beat Scotland 4-2. Two years later, the first every FA Cup Final was played here, with The Wanderers defeating the Royal Engineers 1-0.
Furthermore, the Oval was the venue for the first home international Rugby Union match when England hosted Scotland in February 1872.
Named after its founder, Thomas Lord, the current Lord's cricket ground is the third to bear the name. Opening in 1814, it is regarded as the 'headquarters of cricket' and even the 'cathedral of cricket'.
Owned by the Marylebone Cricket Club, it is home to Middlesex County Cricket Club and the England and Wales Cricket Board, and is England's most prestigious test match venue.
Dominating Lord's are two of cricket's most recognisable structures - the Pavilion and the Media Centre.
The Pavilion was built in 1889-90 by Thomas Verity and Frank T Verity for Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). Constructed in brick with pink terracotta facings, it provides viewing accommodation for MCC members and team dressing rooms.
At the opposite end of the ground is the Lord's Media Centre. Designed by Future Systems, it utilises boat-building technology in its unique aluminium construction. Opening in 1999, it provides accommodation for over 100 journalists and for television and radio broadcasting.
All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club
Home to the Wimbledon Championships, one of the four Grand Slam international tennis tournaments, the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club is a private members club.
Established in 1868 at the height of the croquet craze, its first home was off Worple Road in Wimbledon, London. It moved to its present site in Church Road in 1922.
As well as hosting the Championships, the club has been the venue for lawn tennis for the 1908 and 2012 Summer Olympic Games.
Like several of racing circuits in England, Silverstone was built on the site of a Second World War airfield. Its first race was staged in 1948 and in 1950 it hosted the first FIA Formula One World Championship British Grand Prix.
From 1955 the British Grand Prix alternated between Silverstone and Aintree, and later Silverstone and Brands Hatch but since 1987 Silverstone has been the permanent venue.
Manchester United moved to its Old Trafford site in 1910. The ground was laid out by the country's leading football architect Archibald Leitch and had a capacity of 80,000.
In 1915 it hosted the FA Cup Final and its first international, England versus Scotland, in 1926. Wartime bomb damage meant that United shared Manchester City's Maine Road for three seasons before returning in 1949.
A redevelopment scheme was put in place in the 1960s (prior to the hosting of World Cup matches) and changes to the ground throughout the late 20th and early 21st centuries have resulted in Old Trafford becoming English football's largest club ground, with a capacity of nearly 76,000.
Crystal Palace Park
In 1951 the London County Council took over the site and engaged the director of the Festival of Britain, Sir Gerald Barry, to advise on the best use of the land. One proposal to develop sporting facilities was taken up and as a result the National Recreation Centre (now National Sports Centre) was built.
As the south of England did not have an Olympic-size swimming pool, this became the focus of the centre, together with an adjacent multi-functional sports hall. Listed Grade II*, it is one of England's most significant 20th century sporting venues.
Empire Stadium / Wembley Stadium
A tower larger than the Eiffel Tower was planned for Wembley in 1892, but the unfinished structure was demolished in 1907.
Wembley Park became the site for the 1924 British Empire Exhibition and the ground on which the tower was begun became the site of the exhibition's multi-functional sports stadium.
This aerial photograph from 1922 shows the early stages of the stadium's construction among the bunkers of Wembley Park Golf Course. The Park had previously played host to cricket, trotting races and polo; the golf course was laid out in 1912.
Empire Stadium / Wembley Stadium
Most well known for hosting England international football matches, including the 1966 World Cup Final, FA Cup Finals and Rugby League Challenge Cup Finals, Wembley has been home to a number of sports.
Greyhound racing was introduced in 1927 (kennels for 360 dogs was built adjacent to the stadium) and from 1929 until 1971 it was home to the Wembley Lions speedway team.
Wembley was also the main venue for the 1948 Summer Olympic Games. Thirty-three athletics events were held in the stadium. It was here that the American Alice Coachman became the first woman of colour to win a gold medal at the modern Olympics.
Empire Stadium / Wembley Stadium
The Empire Stadium was designed by architects without experience in stadium design. Consequently, it had many practical shortcomings, including poor sight lines, lack of cover and too few toilets.
It was eventually completely roofed by 1963 and became an all-seat venue in 1990. However, views remained poor and seating cramped.
Wembley was demolished in 1990 and an entirely new stadium built. Opening in 2007, the new Wembley offered unobstructed views and plentiful facilities.
The stadium's prominent arch functions structurally to support the stadium roof and provides an alternative symbol to the iconic twin towers of the old stadium.
Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park
Developed for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park was built for the Games and for a sustainable legacy.
The Games provided a catalyst for the regeneration of an area of east London in the Lower Lea Valley that had formerly been one of London's most industrialised areas, populated with chemical and bone works, foundries, ink works and match works.
The result was the transformation of a largely neglected and contaminated area into an Olympic Park with world-class facilities for athletes, spectators and broadcasters. However, it shouldn't be forgotten that some local businesses and residents fought compulsory purchase orders and eviction.
This aerial photograph from September 2012 shows much of the Olympic Park in the aftermath of the Games. Prominent in the view are the Olympic Stadium (now London Stadium), the ArcelorMittal Orbit observation tower and the London Aquatics Centre, designed by architect Zaha Hadid.
Irreplaceable: A History of England in 100 Places
It's not just about the FA Cup and the 2000 Guineas, national stadiums and classic racecourses. From municipal sports grounds to private clubs, we think everybody should know about the places in England that have witnessed some of the most important historic events.
Image: A merry-go-round at Epsom Racecourse, Epsom Downs, Surrey
York & Son has recorded one of the amusements available to racegoers during Derby Day at Epsom.