1636 - 1637

Battlefield Locations
The Battlefields of the Pequot War project, initiated in 2007, is the first project in New England to employ the methods of Battlefield Archaeology. The purpose of the study is to identify and document all of the battlefields of the Pequot War. To date, three battlefields have been studied: The Siege and Battle of Saybrook Fort (September-March 1636-1637); the Battle of Mistick Fort (May 26, 1637); and the Battle of the English Allied Withdrawal (May 26, 1637).                                                                                         The hundreds of objects recovered from these battlefields constitute the most extensive collection of Pequot War artifacts ever assembled. The objects in this exhibit were recovered from the battles of Mistick Fort and the English Withdrawal.
Battle of Mistick Fort and the English Allied Withdrawal
The Battles of Mistick Fort and the English Allied Withdrawal proved to be the most decisive and significant battles of the war. The English Allied withdrawal consisted of a day-long battle over 4.5 miles of Pequot territory as the English and their Native allies fought hundreds of Pequot in order to reach the safety of their ships anchored in the Pequot (Thames) River six miles to the west.While the English and their Native allies suffered approximately 100 casualties, more than 150 Pequot women and children and 500 men lost their lives in the Battles of Mistick Fort and the English Allied Withdrawal which effectively destroyed Pequot ability to defend themselves against further English attacks. Shortly after the Mistick battles, the Pequot abandoned their homeland to seek safety with other tribes around the region.

Iron axe, adze, hammer and trencher. These trade items were looted from Pequot villages attacked by the English.

Worn by an English officer or soldier of means. This button attests to the connection between English soldiers and the Netherlands where they fought in the Thirty Years War.

This Native made brass pipe manufactured from a brass trade kettle was carried into battle by a Native soldier.

Jaw harps were common items carried by both the English and Native soldiers. The harp is held in the mouth, while a flexible metal tongue is plucked with the finger to produce a note.

Brass Jesuit finger rings were a common trade item obtained by Natives from French missionaries or fur traders. IHS stands for Isus Hominis Salvator, which translates as Jesus Savior of Mankind.

One of the many gun parts recovered from the battlefield. The serpentine is the mechanism on a matchlock musket that holds a burning wick to ignite the powder in the flash pan.

A representative sample of lead musket balls recovered from the battlefield. Some were dropped on the ground, others were fired and misshapen as a result of impact. Their diameters range from .30 to .70 caliber.

Rolled conical arrow points manufactured from brass trade kettles. These arrow points were carried by the Wangunk from the middle Connecticut River valley, and were allies of the English.

Brass projectile point made from a trade kettle. This style is believed to have been used by the Narragansett allies of the English.

Native made brass hair comb manufactured from a trade kettle.

This club head would have been hafted onto a wooden handle. The color and rarity of the material suggests it may have been carried by a sachem. On loan from the American Indian Research Institute, Washington CT.

This steatite (soapstone) figurine depicts a Pequot man who was likely an important person such as a sachem. Such detailed visual representations of a Native person are extremely rare.
On loan from the National Museum of the American Indian.

Made from a single piece of greywacke, dense sandstone, from the Albany New York area. Likely carried by a sachem or an elite warrior, it is one of the most enigmatic objects associated with the Pequot War. On loan from the Connecticut Museum of Natural History.

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Co-produced by Dr. Ashley Bissonette, David Naumec, Jason Mancini, Jonna Chokas, Kevin McBride, Allison Malloy.

Created by Allison Malloy.

Images courtesy of The Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center.

Supported in part by the National Park Service American BattleField Protection Program.

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The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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