The National Gallery, London
Only recently married to his wife Camille, the couple escaped across the Channel with their little son, Jean. They settled in London and took up lodgings first near Leicester Square and then in Kensington.
In London Monet sought out new buildings to paint, such as the recently completed Houses of Parliament and Victoria Embankment (right), which was still under construction.
With peace now restored in France under the Third Republic, the Monets left London in May 1871, but Claude vowed to return to the city he had much enjoyed.
Monet came to London three times between 1899 and 1901, staying for weeks at a time.
He often stayed at the Savoy Hotel, where he could paint from his rooms on the 5th and 6th floors.
Monet exhibited 37 views of the Thames at Durand-Ruel’s gallery in Paris in 1904, including this atmospheric painting of Charing Cross Bridge in a fog of pink and blue tones.
The exhibition was an enormous success, with several critics drawing analogies with music, and some works selling for double what Durand-Ruel had paid Monet for them.