Women immigrants have played a dynamic role in transforming America socially, politically, and economically.
Enslaved African women were involuntary immigrants to Jamestown. The privateer White Lion brought “20 and odd Negroes” in 1619. The 1620 census listed 17 African females among the settlement’s 928 residents. Over the ensuing centuries, the mingling of people from different cultures, classes, and conditions of servitude led to the development of America's distinctive culture.
Prior to the Immigration Act of 1924, there were few restrictions on Mexican immigration to the U.S. Agricultural workers moved freely across the border, following the harvests. The 1924 law established an immigration quota system, leading to deportation of hundreds of thousands of Mexican immigrants.