The Adolpho Leirner Collection celebrates the collection of Brazilian Constructive Art from the 1950s and 60s formed by the São Paulo-based art patron, Adolpho Leirner. Stimulated by the post-World War II economic boom and a surge in modernization that sought to place Brazil at the vanguard of the region’s social and cultural development, these decades represent what was perhaps one of the most dynamic enclaves of artistic activity in the Western Hemisphere. Two paramount events defined the utopian spirit of this time: the establishment of the São Paulo Biennial in 1951 and the inauguration of Brasília, the futuristic new capital, in 1960. Energized by these unprecedented achievements, artists from the São Paulo-Rio de Janeiro axis embraced the legacies of Russian Constructivism, Dutch Neo-Plasticism, and, above all, the German School of Ulm to create the unique yet highly modulated voice of Brazilian modernism. Acquired by the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, from 2005 to 2007, this collection has been regarded as a brilliant window into the seminal decades of modernization in Brazil. Among the cutting-edge artists and groups represented are Lygia Clark, Hélio Oiticica, Alfredo Volpi, Grupo Ruptura, and Grupo Frente. Comprised of nearly one hundred objects, the Adolpho Leirner Collection is here presented separately in six curatorial clusters, organized thematically: Samson Flexor and Atelier Abstração, The Graphic Arts and Design, Grupo ruptura and Arte Concreta, Grupo Frente, Neo-Concretos, and The Independents.