European Paintings of the 16th and 19th century: 17th-century Dutch painting (Rembrandt, Rubens, Brueghel), 17th and 18th-century Italian, French and Austrian painting as well as works by 19th-century Austrian masters (Waldmüller, Amerling, Makart, Ender). The permanent exhibition is completed by regular special exhibitions.
The Residenzgalerie was opened in 1923. Founded in the time following immediately upon the end of the monarchy, it was intended to fulfil various functions: to replace the art collection of the prince-archbishops, which had been lost in the turmoil of the Napoleonic wars in the early 19th century, to serve as a collection for study purposes in the planned (but never realised) academy of art, and not least to boost tourism by offering another cultural attraction besides the Salzburg Festival.
The majority of the paintings currently on display in the Residenzgalerie Salzburg are owned by the Land Salzburg. The collection is supplemented by loans from Austrian museums, private owners and The Private Art Collection.
The Residenzgalerie's premises are in the east wing of the Salzburg Residenz building above the bel étage. The building dates back to about 1600.