An architectural manifesto, Villa Cavrois, the work of architect Robert Mallet-Stevens, a figure of the modernist school, was designed and built in Croix between 1929 and 1932 for Paul Cavrois, a textile industrialist from the Nord department, and his family. Mallet-Stevens designed the villa Cavrois like a true modern château.
Château, the residence is a castle by its imposing proportions (a 60 meter long façade, about 4000 m² of flooring) and its distribution in two symmetrical wings, heir to the tradition of aristocratic residences of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Modern, the villa is modern by the starkness of the volumes, lack of ornament in the décor, the proliferation of rooftop terraces, advanced equipment (central heating, telephone, electric network of wall clocks, lift, etc.) and the use of industrial materials and techniques (glass, metal, steel).
Listed as a historical monument in 1990 thanks to citizen mobilisation, and acquired by the State of France in 2001, the huge restoration project implemented in 2003 by the DRAC Nord-Pas-de Calais and then taken over by the Centre des Monuments Nationaux in 2008 was completed in 2015.
1850 square meters of living area
A 60-metre long façade
800 square meters of terrace
A 72-metre long water-mirror
50 square meters surface of bathroom