"Swan Lake" at the Municipal Theater

By Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

The Swan Lake (2016) by Foto de Júlia RônaiMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

Swan Lake is one of the most important works of the world's classical ballet repertoire, one which surprises with its beauty, drama and lyricism.
The story begins in 1875, when the director of the Bolshoi Theatre of Moscow, Vladimir Begitchev, commissioned from composer Tchaikovsky a song for a ballet inspired by women-swans legends. Two years later, the spectacle premiered in Russia, but without the expected success.

Swan Lake (2001) by Acervo CEDOC | FTMRJMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

In 1894, the then director of the Mariinsky Theatre of St. Petersburg, Prince Ivan Alexandrovich, decided to honor the composer, who had died the previous year, with a new version of Swan Lake. He entrusted to Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov a new choreography, presented in January 1895. The Ballet in four acts was an absolute success, becoming one of the most popular classical ballets.

The Swan Lake,1959 (1959)Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

At The Municipal Theater of Rio de Janeiro, the Swan Lake was presented in different versions, but it is only from November 1959, date of the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Theater, that the full version, not toured previously in Latin America, was shown in 4 acts.

Eugenia Feodorova (1959) by Acervo CEDOC | FTMRJMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

The presentation in 1959 was staged by Russian dancer and choreographer Eugenia Feodorova.

The Swan Lake,1959 (1959)Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

In all, the Municipal Theater of Rio de Janeiro held nine complete productions of Swan Lake: 1959, 1978, 1988, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2013 and 2016. All the choreographic versions were based on the choreography by Petipa and Ivanov, 1895.

Bertha Rosanova e Aldo Lotufo (1959) by Acervo CEDOC | FTMRJMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

In the season of 1959, ballet dancer Bertha Rosanova plays the roles of Odette - the White Swan - and Odille - the Black Swan. Prince Siegfried was masterfully interpreted by Aldo Lotufo.

The Swan Lake,1959, Música de Peter I. Tchaikowsky, 1959, From the collection of: Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
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The orchestra was conducted by Nino Stinco.

The Swan Lake 1978 (1978) by Música from Peter I. TchaikowskyMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

In 1978, nineteen years after the first complete staging, Swan Lake was presented to the public by the Ballet of the Municipal Theater again, this time in the version created by Jorge Garcia, director of the Corps de Ballet.

The Swan Lake,1978 (1978) by Música de Peter I. TchaikowskyMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

In the cast, Ghislaine Thesmar, Michael Denard, Gustavo Mallajoli and Cristina Martinelli.

Henrique Morelenbaum, Collection CEDOC | FTMRJ, From the collection of: Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
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The orchestra was conducted by Henrique Morelenbaum.

The Swan Lake,1988, Música de Peter I. Tchaikowsky, 1988, From the collection of: Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
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Swan Lake returned to the stage of the Municipal Theater in 1988, again in Eugenia Feodorova's version.
The production cast included dancers Ana Botafogo, Cecilia Kerche, Jorge Esquivel, Jean-Yves Lormeau and Elisabeth Platel.

Mário Tavares by Collection CEDOC | FTMRJMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

Maestro Mario Tavares was the conductor of the production during the Season.

Hugo de Ana (1988) by Acervo CEDOC | FTMRJMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

The set, costumes and lighting were designed by Hugo de Ana.

The Swan Lake,1997 (1997)Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

The fourth staging, in 1997, involved dancer Bertha Rosanova, star of the 1959 Swan Lake season, rehearsing the cast, which included dancers Ana Botafogo, Fernanda Diniz, Nora Esteves, Renata Versiani, Teresa Augusta, Paulo Rodrigues, Francisco Timbó, Hélio Bejani, Allan Falieri, Renato Cabral, Bruno Cezário e Roberto Lima.

Jean-Yves Lormeau, Collection CEDOC | FTMRJ, From the collection of: Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
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The version of the choreography was created by Jean-Yves Lormeau, artistic coordinator of the Ballet of the Municipal Theater.

The Swan Lake, 2001 (2001)Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

Natalia Makarova, Collection CEDOC | FTMRJ, 2001, From the collection of: Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
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Choreographed by Natalia Makarova, the 2001 Swan Lake season was played in set and costumes by Peter Farmer and conducted by Gustavo Plis-Sterenberg.

Cecília Kerche (2001) by Acervo CEDOC | FTMRJMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

The cast of the season included dancers Ana Botafogo, Cecília Kerche, Roberta Marquez, Norma Pinna, Svetlana Zakharova - soloist of the Mariinsky Theatre, Iñaki Urlezaga - first dancer of the Royal Ballet, Thiago Soares, Marcelo Misailidis, André Valadão, Renato Cabral, Ivan Franco and Vitor Luiz.

The Swan Lake (2001)Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

The Swan Lake,2003 (2003) by Music Peter I. TchaikowskyMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

In 2003, the Municipal Theater presented, for the third time, Eugenia Feodorova's version, under artistic direction of Richard Cragun and conducted by Javier Logioia Orbe. The cast featured Claudia Mota, Roberta Marquez, André Valadão, Francisco Timbo, Vitor Luiz and Marcelo Misailidis.

The Swan Lake (2003) by Photo of Bel PedrosaMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

The Swan Lake, 2006 (2006) by Música: Peter I. TchaikowskyMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

The last three seasons of Swan Lake - 2006, 2013 and 2016 - followed the version created by Russian choreographer Yelena Pankova.

The Swan Lake, 2006 (2006)Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

The cast of the presentation in 2006 included dancers Cecilia Kerche, Claudia Mota, Marcia Jaqueline Francisco Timbo, Vitor Luiz, Anderson Dionysius Carlos Cabral, Joseny Coutinho and Marcelo Misailidis.

André Cardoso, Photo of Julia Rónai, From the collection of: Municipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro
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In that season, the production was conducted by Maestro André Cardoso, current Artistic Director of FTM / RJ.

The Swan Lake,2013 (2013) by Music Peter I. TchaikowskyMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

The presentations in 2013 were staged by Eric Frederic and Celeste Lima and conducted by maestro Silvio Viegas.

Claudia Motta e (2013) by Photo Sheila GuimarãesMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

Claudia Mota, Marcia Jaqueline and Cuban ballet dancer Lorena Feijoo took turns in the roles of Odette-Odile. Denis Vieira, Vitor Luiz and Filipe Moreira interpreted the part of Prince Siegfried.

The Swan Lake (2013) by Photo of Sheila GuimarãesMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

Edifranc Alves, Joseny Coutinho, Anderson Dionísio and Carlos Cabral represented the character of Von Rothbart.

The Swan Lake, 2001 (2016) by Collection CEDOC | FTMRJMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

In 2016, with a revival interpreted by Cecília Kerche, Celeste Lima, César Lima, Márcia Faggioni, Norma Pinna and Teresa Augusta, conducted by Javier Logioia Orbe, the Swan Lake delighted the audience of the Municipal Theater again.

Swan Lake, 2016 (2016) by Foto de Júlia RónaiMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

Swan Lake, 2016 (2016) by Foto de Júlia RónaiMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

As bailarinas Claudia Mota, Márcia Jacqueline, Karen Mesquita e Mel Oliveira interpretaram as personagens Odette-Odile.

Swan Lake, 2016 (2016) by Foto de Júlia RónaiMunicipal Theatre of Rio de Janeiro

Filipe Moreira, Moacir Emanoel, Diego Lima, Murilo Gabriel, Cícero Gomes, Rodrigo Neri, Wellington Gomes, Anderson Dionísio, Carlos Cabral, Edifranc Aves and Joseny Coutinho ensured the success of the season.

Credits: Story

Documentary sources
Collection of the Documentation Centre of the Municipal Theater Foundation of Rio de Janeiro - CEDOC / FTMRJ

Curatorship and Text
Fatima Cristina Gonçalves

Photos by
Bel Pedrosa
Julia Rónai
Sheila Guimarães

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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