Battlefields of the Pequot War

1636 - 1637

By The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

Battlefield Map (2016-10-26) by MPMRCThe Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

Battlefield Locations

The Battlefields of the Pequot War project, initiated in 2007, is the first project in New England to employ the methods of Battlefield Archaeology. The purpose of the study is to identify and document all of the battlefields of the Pequot War.

To date, three battlefields have been studied: The Siege and Battle of Saybrook Fort (September-March 1636-1637); the Battle of Mistick Fort (May 26, 1637); and the Battle of the English Allied Withdrawal (May 26, 1637).                                                                                         The hundreds of objects recovered from these battlefields constitute the most extensive collection of Pequot War artifacts ever assembled. The objects in this exhibit were recovered from the battles of Mistick Fort and the English Withdrawal.

Battle of Mistick Fort and the English Allied Withdrawal

The Battles of Mistick Fort and the English Allied Withdrawal proved to be the most decisive and significant battles of the war. The English Allied withdrawal consisted of a day-long battle over 4.5 miles of Pequot territory as the English and their Native allies fought hundreds of Pequot in order to reach the safety of their ships anchored in the Pequot (Thames) River six miles to the west.While the English and their Native allies suffered approximately 100 casualties, more than 150 Pequot women and children and 500 men lost their lives in the Battles of Mistick Fort and the English Allied Withdrawal which effectively destroyed Pequot ability to defend themselves against further English attacks. Shortly after the Mistick battles, the Pequot abandoned their homeland to seek safety with other tribes around the region.

Iron Tools (1630/1637)The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

Iron axe, adze, hammer and trencher. These trade items were looted from Pequot villages attacked by the English.

Dutch Silver Filigree Button (1630/1637)The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

Worn by an English officer or soldier of means. This button attests to the connection between English soldiers and the Netherlands where they fought in the Thirty Years War.

Brass Pipe (1630/1637)The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

This Native made brass pipe manufactured from a brass trade kettle was carried into battle by a Native soldier.

Jaw Harp (1630/1637)The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

Jaw harps were common items carried by both the English and Native soldiers. The harp is held in the mouth, while a flexible metal tongue is plucked with the finger to produce a note.

Jesuit Ring (1630/1637)The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

Brass Jesuit finger rings were a common trade item obtained by Natives from French missionaries or fur traders. IHS stands for Isus Hominis Salvator, which translates as Jesus Savior of Mankind.

Serpentine Mechanism (1630/1637)The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

One of the many gun parts recovered from the battlefield. The serpentine is the mechanism on a matchlock musket that holds a burning wick to ignite the powder in the flash pan.

Musket Balls (1630/1637)The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

A representative sample of lead musket balls recovered from the battlefield. Some were dropped on the ground, others were fired and misshapen as a result of impact. Their diameters range from .30 to .70 caliber.

Brass Conical Projectile Points (1630/1637) by WangunkThe Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

Rolled conical arrow points manufactured from brass trade kettles. These arrow points were carried by the Wangunk from the middle Connecticut River valley, and were allies of the English.

Brass Projectile Point (1630/1637)The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

Brass projectile point made from a trade kettle. This style is believed to have been used by the Narragansett allies of the English.

Brass Hair Comb (1630/1637)The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

Native made brass hair comb manufactured from a trade kettle.

Grooved Stone Club (1630/1637)The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

This club head would have been hafted onto a wooden handle. The color and rarity of the material suggests it may have been carried by a sachem. On loan from the American Indian Research Institute, Washington CT.

Steatite Figurine (1620/1637) by PequotThe Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

This steatite (soapstone) figurine depicts a Pequot man who was likely an important person such as a sachem. Such detailed visual representations of a Native person are extremely rare.
On loan from the National Museum of the American Indian.

Monolithic Axe (1630/1637)The Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center

Made from a single piece of greywacke, dense sandstone, from the Albany New York area. Likely carried by a sachem or an elite warrior, it is one of the most enigmatic objects associated with the Pequot War. On loan from the Connecticut Museum of Natural History.

Credits: Story

EXHIBIT

Co-produced by Dr. Ashley Bissonette, David Naumec, Jason Mancini, Jonna Chokas, Kevin McBride, Allison Malloy.

Created by Allison Malloy.

Images courtesy of The Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center.

Supported in part by the National Park Service American BattleField Protection Program.
https://www.nps.gov/abpp/index.htm

For more information, visit our website:
http://pequotwar.org/

Credits: All media
The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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