The Malleus Maleficarum
The Malleus Maleficarum (Hammer of the Witches) is a treatise on witches, written in 1486 by Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger, and first published in Germany in 1487.
The main purpose of the book was to prove that witchcraft existed (claiming that witches were more often women than men) and to educate magistrates on how they could find and convict them.
Engraving depicting the trial of a witch at Salem, Massachusetts.LIFE Photo Collection
The Malleus Maleficarum became popular throughout Europe in the late 15th and early 16th century, aided by the invention of the printing press.
Bilder SaalsLIFE Photo Collection
The Magus (or Celestial Intelligencer) (1801) was created by Francis Barrett and is a handbook on the occult and ceremonial magic.
Barrett collected a lot of the material for the book from old occult handbooks and drew information from two other books on demonology: Three Books of Occult Philosophy by Agrippa and Heptameron by Pietro d'Abano.
This book brought information on demonology into the public eye and contributed to the increasing interest in the occult and magic.
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