The Alhambra (2019-08-01/2019-08-01) by Jorge Fernández Salas
The Alhambra is a sprawling fortress complex perched on the top of a rocky outcrop overlooking the magnificent city of Granada. Work on the site started in 1238, when the city was the seat of the Islamic Emirate of Granada.
Over the next few centuries, more palaces, administrative buildings and places of worship were added. As a result, the Alhambra features a wide range of architectural styles as well as layer upon layer of history. This history can be seen in the Alhambra’s structures, sculptures and styles. Peeling back these layers lets us explore the story of the fortress and learn how it came to be.
The Alcazaba is one of the oldest parts of the Alhambra. The original fortifications for the complex, the instantly recognizable red Alcazaba is made up of a number of different structures. These include the Torre del Homenaje, the Torre del Cubo, the Barrio Castrense and the Jardin de los Adarves.
The majority of the Alcazaba was constructed in the 1200s. Though additions were made in the following centuries. It’s thought the Alcazaba was built on the site of earlier Roman fortifications, making this prominent lookout one of the oldest defenses in Granada.
The Comares Palace
The Comares Palace is located to the east of the Mexuar, the entrance wing of the palace. It was built in the early 14th century, though numerous alterations have been made over the years. Home to the Sultan’s Throne, the Hall of Ambassadors and Comares Tower, the palace is one of the most important structures in the Alhambra.
A number of facades in the palace are ornately decorated. The most famous is that in the Patio de Cuarto Dorado which features inscriptions of Arabic poems and verses of the Qur’an as well as intricate geometric patterns.
Palace of Charles V
The Palace of Charles V, or the Palacio de Carlos V, is one of the most noticeable features of the Alhambra when the complex is viewed from above. Construction of the palace was ordered by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V who wanted a residence close to the royal palaces in the Alhambra.
Standing 17 meters high and 63 meters wide, the square building has a large inner circular courtyard and an imposing stone façade. The courtyard has two levels, with carved columns supporting each floor. This gives the building a dramatic, theatrical appearance
The Palace of Lions
One of the most famous examples of Islamic architecture, the Palace of Lions is built around an ornate courtyard measuring 28.7m by 15.6m. Intricately decorated pavilions stand on the east and west sides of the courtyard and the center is occupied by the beautiful Fountain of Lions.
Built between 1362 and 1391, the palace is made up of a number of halls and galleries, most of which are set around the central courtyard. The arcades of the palace's porticos and pavilions feature intricately carved stucco decoration, and the entire structure exudes a feeling of opulence and luxury.
Architectural models based on carvings at the Alhambra
Elaborate carvings in the palaces of the Alhambra
The Alhambra (2016-07-10/2016-07-10) by Victoriano Izquierdo