20 highlights you can't miss at the Science Museum in Milan

The National Museum of Science and Technology of Milan preserves, studies and interprets almost 18,000 objects. Here we chose to tell 20 extraordinary stories.

HORSE TRAM INTERIORNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Our collections have began forming during the 1930s thanks to the support of leading scientists such as Guglielmo Marconi.

Scientific equipment, models, machinery, art works, books and journals, photographs and documents help us tell the history of science, technology and industry from the 1800s until today.

A detail of the Space exhibitionNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

We preserve this heritage to inspire present and future generations and we see it as a living legacy that is continuously enriched by countless precious individual contributions.

Together we can build our memory and pass it on to future generations.

Regina Margherita Thermoelectric Plant Lateral viewNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Who welcomes when you first arrive at the museum?

1895 | Regina Margherita Thermoelectric Plant

The charm of the Regina (Queen) Margherita is connected to its grandeur and history. It was used in
the silk factory Gavazzi in Desio (Milan) to power 1800 electrically operated looms and illuminate the
premises. It was inaugurated in the presence of the royal family and tells the story of a time when
Italian industries were gradually turning to electrical power. Its steam engine was built by the
Franco Tosi workshops in Legnano, famous in the history of mechanical industry. A technical world
animated by love such as that between the Museum founder Guido Ucelli and his wife Carla Tosi.

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Would you miss the most important collection in the world of Leonardo da Vinci’s historical models?

1950s | Leonardo da Vinci: The Models Collection

These models were displayed for the first time in 1953, to celebrate the 500th anniversary of
Leonardo da Vinci’s birth. They are the result of an interpretation that translates and completes the
original drawings. They were built by army architects, engineers and model makers and their
construction still continues. These models played a fundamental role in the dissemination of
Leonardo's thought and they help understand his ideas and his work on science and technology.

Automobile - Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 Spider Sport Automobile - Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 Spider SportNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Alfa Romeo's engine sound
00:00

How stylish are you?

1932 | Alfa Romeo 8C 2300

This is one of the 195 “8c” cars produced by Alfa Romeo in the 1930s for special clients looking for an
exclusive car. Its body is branded “Zagato”, one of the most famous car fashion firms. Through the
years, 8c 2300 cars have been used both as grand-tour and as racing cars. The most famous racing
pilots of the time, from Nuvolari to Campari, used them in all the main road and track competitions,
from the Mille Miglia to the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

Giovanni Dondi’s AstrariumNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Were we on time 700 years ago?

Second half of the 14th century | Reconstruction by L. Pippa, 1963 | Giovanni Dondi’s Astrarium

The astrarium is a planetary clock capable of determining the position ofthe Moon, Sun and planets,
as well as the time and the festivities of the year. It is a masterpiece of the Middle Ages. The last
known description dates back to 1529, when Emperor Charles V arrived in Italy. Giovanni Dondi
describes its construction in a treaty, and it was thanks to this original text that it was possible to
rebuild the astrarium in 1963.

Programma 101 CalculatorNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

What was your first pc?

1960s | Programma 101

The Programma 101 is considered the first personal computer in history. Developed by Olivetti between 1962 and 1964, it was designed as a desktop calculator. It could perform the four elementary operations, the square root and it could be programmed. It was created by Pier Giorgio Perotto and was presented in New York in 1965. 44,000 units were produced for the U.S. market. Its design by Mario Bellini won the Industrial Design Award.

Equatorial Sector built by Jeremiah SissonNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Did you know that martians were invented in Milan?

1882 | Giovanni V. Schiaparelli’s Merz-Repsold Telescope

In 1886 - when it came to service at the Brera Astronomical Observatory in Milan - the
Merz-Repsold telescope was the largest in Italy and one of the most important in the world.
With this tool, Schiaparelli conducted his studies on Mars. He observed some structures - shaped
like channels - on the surface of the planet. This ignited a debate on their very existence as well
as on the possibility of living extra-terrestrial life on Mars.

Moon RockNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Have you ever seen a real piece of Moon?

3.7 billion years | Moon Rock

This is a piece of the Goodwill Rock, collected in 1972 by the astronauts of the Apollo 17, the last
human mission on the Moon. It is a small rock with an immense value, maybe the most relevant
symbol of humanity’s passion for exploration and for scientific and technological challenges.
It was donated in 1973 by the American President Richard Nixon to the Italian Republic and later
entrusted to the Museum. By studying it, scientists made hypothesis on the origin and nature
of the Moon and caught a glimpse of the Solar System’s first instants.

Detector magnetico MarconiNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Did you know that many lives were saved during the sinking of the Titanic thanks to a SOS radio signal?

1902 | Guglielmo Marconi’s Magnetic Detector

This original prototype of a magnetic detector was used by Guglielmo Marconi in his experiments on
electromagnetic waves. It was the first radio receiver in history that allowed to effectively receive
radio waves over long distances. Invented in 1902 and tested aboard the Carlo Alberto cruiser, it
represented a revolution in the world of Telecommunications, for which Marconi won the Nobel
Prize.

Giulio Natta’s countertop and polypropylene modelNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Can a molecule win a Nobel prize in chemistry?

1950s | Giulio Natta’s Countertop and Polypropylene Model

It is on a laboratory countertop like this one that Giulio Natta invented the isotactic polypropylene, a
highly successful scientific and industrial innovation. Thanks to this molecule Natta won the Nobel
Prize in 1963, giving the world a new material: plastic. Aside is a model of the molecule, used by the
Professor to study and disseminate his invention. In 1947 Natta began collaborating with the
Montecatini firm, starting an extraordinary cooperation between industry and university.

Stassano FurnaceNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Want to see a rare item, hard to find in Europe?

1910 | Stassano Furnace

This is the first electric indirect arc furnace to produce steel. It transforms electrical energy into
thermal energy. The material in the furnace heats up, melts or is transformed thanks to the heat
given off by a number of electrodes. This furnace used scrap metal instead of iron ores, obtaining
high quality steel with great economic, environmental and social benefits. Invented in 1898, it won
the prize "Milestone in the development of metallurgy" in 1992.

Edison DynamoNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Who used to light up streets and houses in the centre of Milan?

1880s | Edison Dynamo

This dynamo comes from the first power plant in Europe, opened in 1883 in Milan for the production
of continuous electrical current to illuminate the city. The plant was built thanks to engineer
Giuseppe Colombo, future rector of the Milan Polytechnic, following the model of the one built
by Edison in New York in 1882. Although the plant was soon outdated from the technological point
of view, it turned Milan into a crucial centre for the development of the Italian electrical industry.

Continuus ProperziNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Can a metal rod be a lighting rod for innovation?

1948 | Continuus Properzi

For centuries, the production of metal semifinished products implied transforming the casted
material into bars or plates, then cooling, moving, reheating and finally give them a shape.
It was a great effort in terms of time, space, water and energy to produce just a few kilos
of product per day. In 1948 Ilario Properzi patented the Continuus Properzi to produce kilos of rod with one single machine in only a few minutes starting from casted metal.

GR 552 036 LocomotiveNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Can a train unite a country?

1900 | Gr 552 036 Locomotive

Presented at the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1889, the Gr 552 locomotive was reliable and fast.
This was why it was chosen to tow trains on the most important routes of Italy.
After the opening of the Frejus between France and Italy in 1871, it towed every week from Milan
to Brindisi the "Indian Mail", the famous train connecting London to Bombay, which was made up
of a postal carriage, two sleeping cars and a dining car.

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Do you know that the Toti travelled 93 km on Lombardy roads?
Launched in 1967, the Toti was the first submarine built in Italy after World War II. Its job was to patrol the waters of the Mediterranean and detect Soviet submarines. In 1997 it made its last trip and since 2005 it rests here at the Museum. If you wish, you can be guided in a visit aboard to relive the sailor's emotions.

Conte Biancamano ocean linerNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Why is a great sea giant parked in a museum?

1925 | Conte Biancamano Ocean Liner

Diving into history: the prestigious launch in 1925 in Scotland, the first journey on the Genoa-NaplesNew
York route, the voyages to South America and the Far East, the transport of U.S. troops during
World War II, and the last trips. Today’s survivors are the ballroom and the bridge with the original
equipment and some cabins, acquired by the Museum in the 1960s during the disarmament.

Ebe SchoonerNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

Can one slice up a ship and create an entire building to host it?

1921 | Ebe Schooner

The Ebe was built in 1921 for the transport of goods in the Mediterranean. It turned into a pilots
training ship in the 1950s. At the end of its service it was acquired by the Museum, cut into parts and
rebuild for the opening of the new Air and Water Building in April 1964. It is one of the largest ships
kept in a museum.

Stratos Hang GliderNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

ould you be brave enough to fly on top of the world, 8848 meters up in the air, with a pair of light wings?

2004 | Stratos Hang Glider

At 8:30 am on May 24, 2005, Angelo D'Arrigo flew over the Everest for the first time with this rigid
wing glider. He set the new altitude record in the gliding category. Produced by the Italian company
Icaro 2000, the glider has a carbon fiber frame, a polyester fiber wing, and Ergal (an aluminum-zinc
alloy) components. It has a total weight of only 34 kg.

Macchi MC 205 VNational Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

What does a hunting dog have to do with a plane?

1943 | Macchi Mc 205 V

The Macchi MC 205 Veltro starts its service in 1943 and is considered one of World War II's most
beautiful and practical planes. It is equipped with a 1475 cc engine, armed with two machine guns
and two cannons. The name Veltro (greyhound) recalls the famous hunting dog that would save Italy
mentioned by Dante in his Divine Comedy. The motto on the fuselage - "nock, bend and shoot” - is
still used by the First Brigade of the Air Force Special Operations.

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Have you ever dreamed of flying?

1877 | Enrico Forlanini’s Experimental Helicopter

Enrico Forlanini’s experimental helicopter is the first object to fly thanks to the thrust of an engine.
It has no pilot and it is equipped with a light steam engine and two counter rotating propellers
placed on the same axis. In 1877 it was presented in Milan to an audience of technicians, engineers
and enthusiasts, where it rose about 13 meters and remained in the air for 20 seconds, gently
landing back in its starting point.

Detector UA1National Museum of Science and Technology Leonardo Da Vinci

How does one win a Nobel Prize in Physics?

1981 | Detector UA1

In 1983 the UA1 (Underground Area, Experiment One) demonstrated the existence of the elementary
particles W and Z. With this significant discovery Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer won the
Nobel prize. What you see is a section of the central detector: the original device was almost 20 feet
long and weighed 2,000 tons. The experiment took place at CERN in Geneva and involved over one
hundred physicists from around the world.

Credits: Story

Exhibition by
Museo Nazionale della Scienza e della Tecnologia
Leonardo da Vinci

Via San Vittore 21
Milano

www.museoscienza.org

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The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.
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