T.V. (1952-07) by Cornell CapaLIFE Photo Collection
CAPTURING TELEVISION HISTORY ONE VOICE AT A TIME
Since 1997, the Television Academy Foundation’s The Interviews: An Oral History of Television (formerly the Archive of American Television) has been conducting in-depth, videotaped oral history interviews with television professionals, including actors, writers, editors, and journalists. These interviews explore the lives of the interviewees, and often touch on important historical moments, including United States presidential elections.
Gathered here are stories from interviewees about political conventions, supplemented with images from LIFE's photo collection.
Dan Rather on the importance of the press covering presidential conventionsThe Interviews: An Oral History of Television
News anchor/reporter Dan Rather explains why it is still important for the press to cover political conventions, despite the fact that platform and candidate decisions are no longer made at the conventions.
“We’re in a period where I think the responsibilities of citizenship are not in the forefront of people’s minds as much as they were. And particularly in a presidential election year, anything and everything that can be done to bring that to the forefront of people’s minds and keep it there, I think it should be done.”
Watch Dan Rather's full interview where he details his storied career at CBS News.
Robert Trout on covering the 1936 presidential conventionsThe Interviews: An Oral History of Television
Correspondent Robert Trout, nicknamed "the iron man of radio," discusses covering the 1936 political conventions for radio, making special mention of the innovations and novelties that CBS employed in order to one-up NBC’s election coverage:
“[T]here was a still camera…a big camera on a tripod and he fixed the microphone just under the camera so our technician could carry the tripod down through the aisle and put a delegate on the air and take his photograph at the same time and then mail it to him later…if you want to know about the beginning of the television and conventions, it wasn’t exactly television, they were still pictures, but that’s really how it began in a way.”
Watch Robert Trout’s full interview, which spans his full career from introducing FDR’s fireside chats to covering the turbulent events of the 1960’s
Julian Goodman on the 1948 political conventionsThe Interviews: An Oral History of Television
Executive Julian Goodman discusses television news coverage of the 1948 political conventions, which was significant not only politically, but also for the growth of the television industry:
“1948 was a pivotal time for the growth of television and I think…that what the conventions showed to the public, what possibilities they saw in television coverage, made television’s growth accelerate over the years to come.”
Watch Julian Goodman's full interview, which chronicles his rise to President of NBC and his role producing news coverage of the pivotal events of the 1960’s and 1970’s.
By Cornell CapaLIFE Photo Collection
Walter Cronkite on covering political conventions, starting in 1952The Interviews: An Oral History of Television
Anchor/reporter Walter Cronkite gives details on how the coverage of the political conventions of 1952 unfolded, and compares those early days with his later work covering the 1980 conventions.
“It turned out that the anchor person…is the only person who really knows what’s going on at a convention.”
Watch Walter Cronkite's full interview to hear him tell the stories behind his legendary career.
David Brinkley on the challenge of covering the 1956 political conventions for televisionThe Interviews: An Oral History of Television
On the challenges of covering the 1956 presidential conventions in the relatively early days of television news coverage, anchor/correspondent David Brinkley says this:
"There was only one video cable to the West Coast...and so we had to share it, all the networks had to use one cable. We had our own audio line, but the video line was the one cable. So the only picture we could send to the West Coast was the pool picture."
Watch David Brinkley's full interview, which spans the entirety of his career from his early days in radio to The Huntley-Brinkley Report and beyond.
Democratic Convention - Riots In Lincoln Park (1968-08-27) by Charles PhillipsLIFE Photo Collection
Reuven Frank on the 1968 Democratic National ConventionThe Interviews: An Oral History of Television
News executive/producer Reuven Frank discusses television news coverage of the infamous 1968 Democratic National Convention – and the chaos that ensued.
“When you go back over the records, only a little bit of the violence got on tape. It was much worse, the stuff that was out of the range of the camera. And when that investigator…coined the term ‘police riot,’ he used an exact term. That's really what it was. They went nuts.”
Watch Reuven Frank's full interview, where he talks about shows and documentaries he produced, as well as his years as President of NBC News.
Dan Rather on the 1968 Democratic National ConventionThe Interviews: An Oral History of Television
News anchor/reporter Dan Rather describes covering the 1968 Democratic National Convention, and how he found himself the target of violence in the midst of the chaotic event.
“At one point much later, the Secret Service did look into it…they pointed a man out to me and said, ‘We basically think this is the guy who hit you…do you want to bring charges on him?’… I said, ‘Look, it was last night, it’s beyond us, there’s enough chaos.’ I mean, the whole city, not the whole city, but large sections of the city were exploding with difficulty. The convention itself was careening near out of control. And yes, the whole world was watching.”
Watch Dan Rather's full interview where he details his storied career at CBS News.
Sanford Socolow on Walter Cronkite's interview with Mayor Daley at the 1968 DNCThe Interviews: An Oral History of Television
News producer Sanford Socolow discusses the difficult circumstances surrounding an interview Walter Cronkite conducted with Chicago’s Mayor Daley during the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
“Cronkite himself describes [it] as the most embarrassing professional moment of his life, interviewing Mayor Daley in a very abject, apologetic way.”
Watch Sanford Socolow’s full interview, where he discusses his many years at CBS News.
Linda Ellerbee on trying to get the vice-presidential nominee scoop in '76The Interviews: An Oral History of Television
Journalist Linda Ellerbee tells a story of covering the 1976 Democratic National Convention in New York City and the lengths she went to get the scoop on who the Vice-Presidential nominee would be.
“I was bored out of my mind. There was nothing to cover on the perimeter, which is what I was assigned. That meant I was there to cover demonstrations. Well, there weren’t any.”
Watch Linda Ellerbee's full interview where she discusses the entirety of her career, from her early days as a writer to her children’s news show Nick News.
Sheila Kuehl on speaking at the 1996 Democratic National ConventionThe Interviews: An Oral History of Television
Actress turned politician Sheila Kuehl tells the story of speaking at both the 1996 and 2000 Democratic National Conventions.
“When you speak at a convention it’s not like you’re on when the television cameras are on. You’re on at like 2:13 to 2:14 in the afternoon where they’re just filling things for people at the convention. But boy you can get some great pictures.”
Watch Sheila Kuehl’s full interview where she discusses her career on television and her move into the law and politics.
Don Mischer on producing the 2004 Democratic National ConventionThe Interviews: An Oral History of Television
Producer/director Don Mischer tells the story of the behind-the-scenes planning (or lack-thereof) that went on as he produced the 2004 Democratic National Convention.
“I never could figure out who was actually making the decisions, ‘cause everything kept changing. And that’s part of what you have to be prepared to do when you’re producing something like the Democratic Convention like this. That is a political environment. And there are a lot of people who are expressing opinions. And things are going to change. So you just have to be ready to kind of roll with the punches.”
Watch Don Mischer’s full interview where he tells stories from his career producing events from the Emmys Awards to Superbowl Halftime shows.
The Television Academy Foundation's The Interviews: An Oral History of Television
Jenni Matz, Director
Adrienne Faillace, Producer
Jenna Hymes, Manager & Exhibit curator
Nora Bates, Production Coordinator
John Dalton, Cataloguer
Video editing by the Pop Culture Passionistas, sisters Amy and Nancy Harrington, who have made a career based on their love of pop culture.