The Conquest of Mexico, table IX (1696 - 1715) by Gonzalez MiguelMuseo Nacional de Bellas Artes de Argentina
Introduction to the series
The set of these paintings constitutes a narrative about the conquest of Mexico, from Cortés's landing in San Juan de Ulúa until the fall of Tenochtitlán and the surrender of Cuauhtémoc. In each painting, two or three scenes are represented, which in general are arranged chronologically from the background to the foreground and are captioned on panels. The selection of topics marks a narrative focused on the figures of Cortés and Moctezuma. The historical series are bordered with decorative ribbons also worked with nacre inlays. Some of the other paintings have frames made using the same technique. On the support – a board which could be covered with a canvas – the preparation layer was placed, where a first drawing was made, which allowed defining the areas where the mother-of-pearl was to be incrusted; the clothes, some objects, edges of the panels as well as the flowers and birds decorating the borders, in irregular pieces. Once the pieces of shell were attached, the drawing was retraced and a thin layer of paint was applied. In this way, the colors are iridescent with the reflections of the mother-of-pearl.
The panel reads:
Captain General Cortés enters the great city of Mexico through the main road with four hundred and fifty soldiers of his army and two thousand Tlaxcaltecs who came in his company with all their captains.
Captain General Cortés enters the great city of Mexico through the main road
with four hundred and fifty soldiers of his army
and two thousand Tlaxcaltecs who came in his company with all their captains.
Full text by Marta Dujovne available in Spanish here